A Measure of Social of Globalization: Factor Analytic and Substantial Validity Assessment Using a Sample of Young Adult Kuwaitis

Godwin S. Ashiabi, Mohammed Hasanen


A sample of 146 undergraduate university students in Kuwait were used to establish the factor structure and substantive validity of a 21-item questionnaire of social globalization based on the conceptualized dimensions of personal contact, cultural proximity, and information flows. Results of the factor analysis suggested a five-factor structure that was labeled: information flows-internet; information flows-print; information flows-TV; personal contact; and cultural proximity. Furthermore, results of the substantive validity analysis suggested that although the items may be indicative of the constructs under investigation, respondents did not correlate them with their intended constructs with a higher degree of concordance. Implications for further research are discussed.


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