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Assessment of the Results of the Prick Tests Carried Out in Düzce Province

Suat Konuk, Cahit Bilgin, Hikmet Çoban, Ahmet Nalbant

Abstract


Skin prick test is a simple, inexpensive, reliable, and rapid test that is widely utilized in clinical practice. Allergic conditions develop as a result of various factors including genetic predisposition, humidity, plant cover, and altitude. Our objective was to assess the allergic sensitivity rate among allergic patients in Düzce province. A retrospective patient file evaluation was carried out among 310 subjects attending to a Chest Diseases Outpatient Facility in Düzce with respiratory complaints such as asthma and allergic rhinitis between May 2014 and May 2016. The results of skin prick test were stratified according to age and gender. Of the 310 patients included 187 (60.3%) were male and 123 (39.7%) were female. The most common reaction observed was against D. Farinea in 44 subjects (14.2). Other common reactions included D. Pteronyssinus in 35 patients (11.3%), grass in 19 patients (6.1%), cereals in 19 patients (6.1%), and grass mixture in 16 patients (5.15%). The peak incidence of reactions occurred between 20 and 29 years of age. For atopic patients residing in the province of Düzce, particular attention should be given to dust mite, grass, or cereal allergens.


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American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal

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